1890 Briansk/Russland – 1977 Waterbury, Connecticut/USA
Naum Borisowitsch Pevsner, who later took the name Naum Gabo, grew up in Russia. After his schooling, he moved to Munich, where he attended the Polytechnic College from 1910 to 1914. During the First World War, Gabo fled to Denmark, but he returned to his home town Briansk with the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917. In 1920, he and his brother Antoine wrote the Realistic Manifesto, which was to have a decisive influence on the development of sculpture. Gabo came to Berlin in 1922 to set up the “First Russian Art Exhibition” (in the Galerie van Diemen), and he continued to live here until 1932. He exhibited together with the November Group, gave lectures at Bauhaus, and designed the famous stage set for La Chatte by Serge Diaghilev and his “Ballets Russes”. The artist’s first individual exhibition took place at the Kestner Society Hanover in 1930. A year later, Gabo participated in a competition for the Palace of Soviets in Moscow, which was never built. After the SS had ransacked Gabo’s studio, the artist left Berlin and moved to Paris, where he joined the group Abstraction – Création. Gabo emigrated to the USA via England in 1946, becoming an American citizen in 1952.
Nina Williams, the artist’s daughter, has been donating sections of Gabo’s estate to the Berlinische Galerie since 1987.
The Naum Gabo Archive of the Berlinische Galerie contains the Realistic Manifesto, the catalogue for and a photo of the “First Russian Art Exhibition”, published and unpublished manuscripts by the artist, sketches, correspondence, documentation of exhibitions, notes and photos of Gabo’s works.
(c. 150 items)