The enforced ending

Germany in the early 1930s: the world economic crisis provoked unprecedented mass unemployment and played into the hands of the rising National Socialists. The Novembergruppe was not immune to the shift in the public mood or to the economic hardship and began to struggle financially. Besides, fewer and fewer artists were taking part in its exhibitions because they could no longer make a living from their art. The Nazi power grab sealed the association’s fate. It became a target for vituperative propaganda and was labelled a “spearhead of cultural Bolshevism”. Works by its members were removed from public collections and discredited as “degenerate art”. In 1935 César Klein, the last chairman of the association, was sent an invoice by the Berlin Court Cashier: the Novembergruppe had been deleted from the city register and was being charged for the privilege. Ever since its birth, this open community had championed the avant-garde and encouraged tolerance towards new ideas – but there was no place for such things in the Third Reich.

Read more stories about the Novembergruppe here.


Berlinische Galerie

Landesmuseum für Moderne
Kunst, Fotografie und Architektur
Stiftung Öffentlichen Rechts

Alte Jakobstraße 124–128
10969 Berlin Germany

Tel +49 (0)30-789 02-600
Fax +49 (0)30-789 02-700

Opening hours

Wednesday–Monday 10 am–6 pm

Closed on 24.12. and 31.12.

Floor plan

PDF Floor Plan